AI to predict rogue waves in fiber-optics nonlinear instabilities

Jan. 1, 2019
A combination of artificial intelligence coupled with the modeling of laser pulses in optical fiber can be used to predict the emergence of rogue waves of light from surrounding factors.

Spectral data are commonly used to study nonlinear instabilities in optical fibers. However, these provide very limited information on the properties of the wave field in the time domain. A new approach based on artificial intelligence (AI) applied by researchers at Tampere University (Tampere, Finland) and the University of Franche-Comté (Besançon, France) can provide insight into the time-domain characteristics of optical-fiber modulation instabilities, enabling the prediction of high-intensity peaks from the spectral intensity only.

In the experiment, pulses from a Ti:sapphire mode-locked laser were injected into a nonlinear photonic-crystal fiber in which a random wave field developed as a result of modulation instability. The output spectrum of thousands of pulses was measured in real time with very high dynamic range by a moving mirror and grating system. Subsequent analysis of the recorded data using AI from a neural network trained from numerical simulations yielded information on the temporal properties of the wave field associated with those spectra, and in particular the probability distribution associated with the emergence of ultrahigh-intensity spectral peaks—known as rogue waves—that are generated in many natural environments. Modulation instability is a central process in physics that underpins the occurrence of extreme events, and in particular on the surface of the oceans. By showing that AI can predict the extreme intensity of an unstable wave field from only partial information, the work could represent a major step towards the predictability of rogue waves in general. Reference: M. Närhi et al., Nat. Commun., 9, 4923 (Nov. 22, 2018).

About the Author

Gail Overton | Senior Editor (2004-2020)

Gail has more than 30 years of engineering, marketing, product management, and editorial experience in the photonics and optical communications industry. Before joining the staff at Laser Focus World in 2004, she held many product management and product marketing roles in the fiber-optics industry, most notably at Hughes (El Segundo, CA), GTE Labs (Waltham, MA), Corning (Corning, NY), Photon Kinetics (Beaverton, OR), and Newport Corporation (Irvine, CA). During her marketing career, Gail published articles in WDM Solutions and Sensors magazine and traveled internationally to conduct product and sales training. Gail received her BS degree in physics, with an emphasis in optics, from San Diego State University in San Diego, CA in May 1986.

Sponsored Recommendations

SLP feature for lighting control available on cameras offering

Nov. 28, 2023
A proprietary structured light projector (SLP) feature is now available on the company’s camera series, including the ace 2, boost R, ace U, and ace L.

Chroma Customer Spotlight - Dr. David Warshaw, About his Lab

Nov. 27, 2023
David Warshaw, Professor and Chair of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics at the University of Vermont (UVM), walks us through his lab. Learn about his lab’s work with the protein...

Catalog of Filters and Filter Sets

Nov. 27, 2023
This price list provides information about the filter sets Chroma Technology has created for the multitude of fluorochromes that are typically used in epi-fluorescence microscopy...

Handbook of Optical Filters for Fluorescence Microscopy

Nov. 27, 2023
Fluorescence microscopy requires optical filters that have demanding spectral and physical characteristics. These performance requirements can vary greatly depending on the specific...

Voice your opinion!

To join the conversation, and become an exclusive member of Laser Focus World, create an account today!