Chromatic aberrations and dual wavelengths extend depth of field in iris recognition
Researchers have developed an optical scheme that uses dual-wavelength illumination that introduces chromatic aberration in a singlet lens to double the depth of field (DOF).
Researchers at the National University of Ireland and FotoNation (both in Galway, Ireland) have developed an optical scheme that uses dual-wavelength illumination that introduces chromatic aberration in a singlet lens to double the depth of field (DOF)—compared to conventional single-wavelength-imaging lenses—for iris-recognition systems in smartphone cameras. Paraxial ray tracing was used to analytically determine the optimal lens parameters and the wavelengths were chosen from commercially available near-infrared (near-IR) LEDs.
Reverse ray-tracing through a plano-convex singlet lens (with two aspheric surfaces) from the detector to the object space shows that two different near-IR wavelengths that generate longitudinal chromatic aberration in the lens result in two separate points in object space, each with their own DOF. By choosing the correct aperture diameter, the DOF for both wavelengths meet with no gap between them. As the object distance is moved along the extended-DOF region in object space, the iris image remains in focus on the detector for at least one wavelength. The method allows extended DOF without the use of complex and computationally intensive focusing algorithms or zoom lens hardware. The lens design and chosen wavelengths can be altered to match the range of object distances depending on the application. Reference: N. M. Fitzgerald et al., Opt. Express, 25, 25, 31696–31707 (2017).