Perovskite nanocrystals provide simultaneous illumination and data communication
KAUST researchers are using perovskite nanocrystals as an efficient lighting source and for ultrafast data transfer.
IMAGE: High-resolution transmission microscopy shows cesium lead bromide perovskite nanocrystals (a); photographic images show the nanocrystals in a toluene solution in ambient light (b) and under UV illumination (c). (Image credit: King Abdullah University of Science and Technology--KAUST)
Researchers at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST; Thuwal, Saudi Arabia) have demonstrated that cesium lead bromide perovskite nanocrystals can generate white light that can be used as both an efficient lighting source and for ultrafast data transfer.
Visible-light communication (VLC)--in which electromagnetic radiation at visible wavelengths (380-700 nm) is used, rather than conventional radio frequency (RF) waves--has recently been proposed as a promising technology for enabling simultaneous energy-efficient illumination and high-speed data communication. Indeed, VLC has several advantages over conventional RF-based communication systems, including high security, fast speed, as well as an unregulated and uncrowded bandwidth.
In a typical VLC system, LEDs or laser diodes (LDs) with phosphors (blue, green, and yellow/red color converters) are used in the transmitters to generate white light for solid-state light (SSL) and data communications. There is, however, a phosphor-associated limitation in the modulation bandwidth of the VLC system. That is, the long excited-state lifetime (the time it takes to re-emit an absorbed photon) of conventional yttrium-aluminum-garnet (YAG)-based phosphors gives rise to a serious bottleneck in VLC applications. This phosphor-associated bandwidth thus limits VLC systems to about 10 MHz and nullifies its key advantages over RF communication systems.
In recent years, perovskites have emerged as 'magic' materials for optoelectronic applications (photovoltaics and photodetectors). Moreover, recent studies have revealed that perovskite nanocrystals (NCs)--in the form of cesium lead bromide--have relatively high photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs) and short photoluminescence (PL) lifetimes. In fact, this marriage of high PLQY and short PL lifetime is the essential requirement for ideal SSL and VLC color converters.
Read the rest of the story about these perovskite illuminators and communicators at http://spie.org/newsroom/6756-perovskite-nanocrystals-as-color-converters-for-record-breaking-visible-light-communications.