Milanko Tubic

Packaging Engineer, Doric Lenses

Milanko Tubic is a packaging engineer at Doric Lenses (Québec City, QC, Canada).

FIGURE 1. Surface-emitting LEDs (left) and edge-emitting LEDs (right) typically have distinct emission patterns.
Fiber Optics

Fiber-coupling of LEDs depends on emitter type

Oct. 1, 2004
Approaches differ for coupling edge- and surface-emitting LEDs into optical fiber, and the Lagrange invariant plays an important role in designing fiber-coupling optics.