Direct endface bonding creates all-optical-fiber photodetector
An all-optical-fiber integrated photodetector, designed without air gaps or other free-space optical interfaces, operates over visible wavelengths with high responsivity.
Although bulk photodetectors are readily available, integration with optical fibers remains a challenge. But by bonding 2D molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) directly to the endface of an optical fiber, researchers at Nanjing University (Nanjing, China) have designed an all-optical-fiber integrated photodetector without air gaps or other free-space optical interfaces that operates over visible wavelengths with high responsivity.
Fabrication of the all-fiber photodetector begins with depositing gold on a cleaved end face of a single-mode SMF-28 optical fiber. The lateral walls of the fiber are then polished and the endface is scratched across the middle, creating two separated electrodes. Next, the MoS2 film on a mica substrate (prepared by chemical vapor deposition) is transferred to deionized water and then bonded to the fiber endface in a dip-coating process that produces a wide strip of the 2D material over the fiber core. Photoluminescence characterization of the photodetector surface shows two peaks at 626 and 677 nm corresponding to MoS2 excitons. For a 400 nm light source with 4.4 nW input, photodetector responsivity as high as 0.6 A/W was observed for a 4 V bias and 0.01 A/W for no bias. The all-fiber photodetector provides a new strategy for integration of 2D materials in fibers for optoelectronic and sensing applications, and could be extended to infrared wavelengths by bonding graphene or black phosphorus to the endface. Reference: J.-H. Chen et al., Nanoscale (Dec. 28, 2016); doi:10.1039/C6NR08436B.