More Science and Research Articles

Buried distributed optical-fiber sensors help predict landslides


Researchers in Italy are embedding distributed optical-fiber sensors in shallow trenches within slopes to detect and monitor both large landslides and slow slope movements.

Silicon-based laser reaches 100 mW at room temperature

09/29/2014 Collaborating researchers from University College London and the University of Arkansas have developed a silicon-based laser with a threshold current density of 200 A/cm2 and an output power exceeding 100 mW at room temperature.

Solitons in optical fiber help model large oceanic 'rogue waves'

09/29/2014 Researchers from CNRS-Université de Franche-Comté (Besançon, France), University College Dublin, Belfield (Dublin, Ireland), the University of Auckland (Auckland, New Zealand), and Tampere University of Technology (Tampere, Fin...

Yale University, Leica Microsystems establish Microscopy Center of Excellence


On October 20, 2014, the Yale University West Campus will open the doors to a new microscopy Center of Excellence made possible through a partnership with Leica Microsystems.

Princeton nanotechnology increases LED brightness and efficiency by 57%


Using a new nanoscale structure, Princeton researchers led by electrical engineering professor Stephen Chou increased the brightness and efficiency of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) made of organic materials by 57%.

DOE awards Pixelligent and OLEDWorks $1.25M for solid-state lighting development


Pixelligent Technologies was selected for a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) solid-state-lighting award to support the continued development of its organic light-emitting diode (OLED) lighting application.

CMOS-compatible germanium-tin on silicon could make inexpensive IR camera sensor

09/25/2014 Researchers at the University of Arkansas (Fayetteville, AK) have fabricated a new form of semiconductor photodetecting material -- germanium tin (GeSn) deposited in layers on a substrate of silicon (Si) -- that could be used t...

Inrad Optics Receives SBIR Phase III for stilbene production for fast neutron detection


The Domestic Nuclear Detection Office of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security has awarded Inrad Optics an SBIR Phase III contract to support continued development of neutron detection materials.

Blue phosphorescent OLED lifetime increased by 10X, reaching more than 600 hours


Researchers at the University of Michigan (UM; Ann Arbor, MI) have extended the lifetime of blue organic LEDs (OLEDs) by a factor of ten.

Photoacoustic imaging detects breast cancer without ionizing radiation

09/25/2014 Researchers participating in the Optical Imaging and Laser Techniques for Biomedical Applications (OILTEBIA) project coordinated by the Charles III University of Madrid (UC3M) in Spain are developing a photoacoustic (optoacoust...

Spintronics could improve OLED device efficiency


A study published in Science brings physics a step closer to practical machines that work "spintronically" as well as electronically.

Gaussian encoding guarantees ultimate capacity of optical communication channels

09/24/2014 What are the fundamental physical limits to the rate of information transmission over optical communication links? Raul García-Patrón, former member of the Theory Division of Professor Ignacio Cirac at the Max Planck Institute ...

National Energetics and Ekspla awarded contract to build ten-petawatt laser system

09/23/2014 A consortium led by National Energetics (Austin, TX), in partnership with Ekspla (Vilnius, Lithuania), has been awarded a contract in excess of $40 million to develop and install an ultra-intense laser system for the European U...

Fast optogenetic method can sense neuronal activity with red light


Researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have developed an optogenetic-based tool that provides a new way of mapping the brain's neural networks in a living organism.

Quantel fiber laser enables atom-cooling experiments onboard CNES Zero-G aircraft


Quantel Laser announced that its EYLSA Fiber Laser completed a series of atom-cooling experiments on board the CNES Zero-G aircraft.

SPIE Fellow and materials scientist Mark Hersam named 2014 MacArthur Fellow

09/22/2014 SPIE Fellow and Northwestern University (Evanston, IL) materials scientist Mark Hersam was named one of the 21 Fellows of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation for 2014. Hersam is a professor and the director of Nor...

Ocean Optics names spectroscopy applications contest winners

09/19/2014 Ocean Optics (Dunedin, FL) has named two winners of its World Cup of Applications contest after collecting more than 40 entries from around the world. One winner used spectroscopy to gauge the faint red chlorophyll fluorescence...

Microscopy method has positive implications for muscular dystrophy research

09/19/2014 A team of scientists has developed a microscopy method that allows them to view single molecules in living animals at high resolution. Importantly, the method enabled them to study a key structural protein of muscle cells to he...

Quantel, Andor, and NSF offer free LIBS workshop


Quantel, Andor, and the NSF-sponsored cCWCS program is sponsoring the free second annual workshop on Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy in Undergraduate Research and Teaching (LIBS-URT 2014).

Photonic reservoir computing--a new tool for speech recognition


So what is photonic reservoir computing? After browsing through several abstracts and papers, I'm still not entirely sure.

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