Articles and News - Science and Research

'Plasmo-electric effect' offers new way to convert light into electricity

'Plasmo-electric effect' offers new way to convert light into electricity

10/30/2014 Researchers at the California Institute of Technology Caltech; Pasadena, CA) and the FOM Institute AMOLF (Amsterdam, The Netherlands) have discovered a new way to convert light to an electrical potential using an all-metal geom...

Label-free optical biosensor can detect rotavirus

10/30/2014

Researchers at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM) in Spain, using a label-free optical biosensor they developed, have found a way to enhance detection capacity of small concentrations of rotavirus.

Hybrid laser-ablation/gas-nozzle propulsion could propel rockets to orbit

Hybrid laser-ablation/gas-nozzle propulsion could propel rockets to orbit

10/29/2014 Yurii Rezunkov from the Institute of Optoelectronic Instrument Engineering (Sosnovyi Bor, Russia) and Alexander Schmidt from the Ioffe Physical Technical Institute (Saint Petersburg, Russia) have developed a scheme to integrate...

Fluorescence imaging method using SWIR light detects cancer early

10/29/2014

Rutgers University researchers have developed a fluorescence imaging method that has potential to detect cancer and other diseases earlier than before, potentially reducing the need for biopsies.

Synthetic, blue light-sensitive molecular switches can be utilized to control biochemical signaling processes in living cells

Blue LED light enables control of insulin secretion

10/28/2014 An international team of researchers has incorporated a synthetic, blue light-sensitive molecular switch into a sulfonylurea compound—a class of drugs widely used to regulate blood glucose levels in patients with Type 2 diabetes.
Seven-core optical fiber transmits 255 Tbit/s over 1 km

Seven-core optical fiber transmits 255 Tbit/s over 1 km

10/28/2014 An international team of researchers has combined a seven-core few-mode optical fiber with compact 3D waveguide multiplexers and frequency-domain multiple-input multiple-output equalization to transmit 255 Tbit/s of data over a...

Merger forms new OSA Industry Development Associates

10/27/2014 The Optical Society (OSA) has merged the OSA Corporate Associates and the Optoelectronics Industry Development Association (OIDA) into one membership program as of January 1, 2015. This merger unites more than 250 OIDA and OSA ...
Reducing spatial hole burning could increase laser efficiency 100 to 10,000-fold

Enabling the right modes for certain lasers could increase efficiency 100 to 10,000-fold

10/27/2014 Engineers at Princeton University (Princeton, NJ) have shown that carefully restricting the delivery of pump energy to selected areas within a laser, which allows certain higher-order modes to operate instead of the usual lower...

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